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            醫學英語——常用護理詞匯

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            Nursing processes 護理過程

            assessment 估計

            nursing diagnosis 護理診斷

            planning 計劃

            intervention (implementation, management) 措施(實施、管理)

            evaluation 評價Daily care of the patient 對病人的日常護理

            morning (evening) care, AM (HS) care 晨(晚)間護理

            bedmaking 整理床鋪

            oral hygiene (mouth care) 口腔衛生

            brushing the teeth 刷牙

            flossing the teeth 清牙垢

            denture care 清洗假牙

            bathing 洗澡

            cleanliness and skin care 清潔與皮膚護理

            perineal care 洗會陰

            hair 梳頭

            shaving 刮臉

            Care of nails and feet 指甲修剪和洗腳

            changing hospital gowns 更換住院服裝

            massage 按摩

            bedsore care 褥瘡護理Measurement of vital signs 測量生命體征

            taking oral (rectal, axillary) temperature

            量口腔(直腸、腋下)體溫

            taking a radial pulse 測量橈動脈脈搏

            counting respirations 計呼吸次數

            measuring (taking) blood pressure 量血壓Catheterization 導管插入術

            cardiac catheterization 心導管插入術

            laryngeal catheterization喉插管術

            retro-urethral catheterization 逆行導尿管插入術

            urethral catheterization 尿道導管插入術Clean techniques, medical asepsis 消毒滅菌

            asepsis 無菌(法)

            integral asepsis 完全無菌

            disinfection 消毒

            concomitant (concurrent) disinfection 隨時消毒,即時消毒

            steam disinfection 蒸汽消毒

            terminal disinfection 終末消毒

            disinfection by ultraviolet light 紫外線消毒

            Sterilization 滅菌,消毒

            chemical sterilization 化學滅菌法

            fractional sterilization 間歇滅菌法

            intermittent sterilization 間歇滅菌法

            mechanical sterilization 器械滅菌法Decompression 減壓(術)

            oardiac decompression 心減壓術

            cerebral decompression 腦減壓術

            orbital decompression 眼眶減壓術

            decompression of decompression 心包減壓術

            gastro-intestinal decompression 胃腸減壓術

            decompression of rectum 直腸減壓術

            decompression of spinal cord 脊髓減壓術Dialysis透析

            peritoneal dialysis腹膜透析

            hemodialysis 血液透析Drainage 引流、導液

            aspiration (suction) drainage 吸引導液(引流)

            closed drainage 關閉引流法

            negative pressure drainage 負壓吸引法

            open drainage 開放引流法

            postural drainage 體位引流法

            vaginal drainage 陰道引流法

            vesicocelomic drainage 膀胱腹腔引流Drainage 灌腸

            barium enema鋇灌腸

            blind enema肛管排氣法

            contrast enema對比灌腸

            glycerin enema甘油灌腸

            high (low) enema 高(低)位灌腸

            magnesium sulfate enema 硫酸鎂灌腸

            retention (non-retention) enema 保留(無保留)灌腸

            soapsuds enema 肥皂水灌腸

            turpentine enema 松節油灌腸Feeding 飼,喂養

            Forced (forcible) feeding 強制喂養

            intubtaion (tube) feeding 管飼法

            nasal feeding 鼻飼法

            rectal feeding 直腸營養法Heat and clod applications 冷、熱敷

            applying hot compresses 熱敷

            applying hot soaks 濕熱敷

            assisting the patient to take a sitz bath 幫病人坐浴

            applying hot water bottles 用熱水瓶

            applying an ice bag (collar0 用冰袋

            applying cold compresses 冷敷

            giving a cold (an alcohol) sponge bath 冷水(酒精)擦浴Infusion 輸入,注入

            glucose infusion 葡萄糖液輸注

            glucose-saline infusion 葡萄糖-鹽水輸注

            saline infusion 鹽水輸注

            Injection 注射

            endermic (intracutaneous) injection 皮內注射

            hypertonic saline injection 高滲鹽水注射

            hypodermic injection 皮下注射

            intramuscular injection 肌內注射

            intraocular injection 眼球注射

            intrapleural injection 胸膜腔注射

            intrauterine injection 子宮內注射

            nasal injection 鼻內注射

            peritoneal injection 腹膜腔注射

            rectal injection 直腸注射

            subconjunctival injection 結膜下注射

            urethral injection 尿道注射

            vaginal injection 陰道注射Irrigation 沖洗

            vaginal irrigation 陰道沖洗

            bladder irrigation 膀胱沖洗

            continuous irrigation 連續沖洗法

            mediate irrigation 間接沖洗法Isolation 隔離、分離

            strict isolation 嚴密隔離

            contact isolation 接觸隔離

            respiratory isolation 呼吸隔離

            drainage (secretion) precautions 引流預防措施

            enteric precautions 腸道預防措施

            blood (body fluid) precautions 血液(體液)預防措施

            protective isolation 保護性隔離Lavage 灌洗

            blood (systemic) lavage 血液毒素清洗法

            ether lavage (腹腔內)乙醚洗法

            gastric lavage 洗胃

            intestinal lavage 洗腸

            peritoneal lavage 腹膜腔灌洗

            pleural lavage 胸膜腔灌洗Medication 藥療,投藥,給藥

            endermic medication 皮內透藥法

            hypodermatic medication 皮下投藥法

            intramuscular medication 肌肉投藥法

            ionic medication 離子透藥療法

            nasal medication 鼻內投藥法

            oral medication 口服法

            rectal medication 直腸投藥法

            sublingual medication 舌下投藥法

            transduodenal medication 十二指腸內投藥法

            vaginal medication 陰道投藥法

            Suctioning 吸氣引液

            upper airway suctioning 上呼吸道抽吸法

            nasogastric suctioning 鼻胃抽吸

            wound suctioning 傷口吸引Transfusion 輸血

            arterial transfusion 動脈輸血

            blood transfusion 輸血

            direct (immediate ) transfusion 直接輸血

            drip transfusion 滴注輸(血)液

            indirect transfusion 間接輸血

            plasma transfusion 輸血漿

            serum transfusion 輸血清

            venous transfusion 靜脈輸血,靜脈輸液Diet nursing 伙食護理

            absolute diet (fasting) 禁食

            balanced diet 均衡伙食

            convalescent diet 恢復期飲食

            diabetic diet 糖尿病飲食

            eucaloric diet 適當熱量飲食

            fat-free diet 無脂飲食

            salt-free diet 無鹽飲食

            fever diet 熱病飲食

            full diet 全食,普通飲食

            half diet 半食

            high caloric diet 高熱量飲食

            high-carbohydrate diet 高糖類飲食

            high-protein (protein rich) diet 高蛋白飲食

            invalid diet 病弱者飲食

            light diet 易消化飲食

            liquid diet 流質飲食

            high fat diet 高脂飲食

            low fat diet 低脂飲食

            low caloric diet 低熱量飲食

            low-protein diet 低蛋白飲食

            low-residue diet 低渣飲食

            nourishing diet 滋補飲食

            obesity diet 肥胖病飲食

            prenatal diet 孕期飲食

            regimen diet 規定食譜

            smooth (soft) diet 細軟飲食Preparing the patient for the surgery 為病人手術前做準備

            shaving the patient‘s skin (skin prep) 備皮 醫.學教.育網搜.集整理

            anesthesia 麻醉Postoperative care 手術后護理

            coughing and deep-breathing exercises 咳嗽呼吸練習

            applying elastic stockings 穿彈性襪

            applying elastic bandages 用彈性繃帶Emergency care (first aid) 急救護理

            cardiopulmonary resuscitation 心肺循環復蘇術

            mouth-to-mouth(mouth-to-nose,mouth-to-stoma) resuscitation

            口對口(口對鼻,口對頸部小口)循環復蘇術

            emergency care for fainting (shock, stroke) victims

            昏厥(休克、中風)患者急救

            emergency care used to control hemorrhage 止血急救

            emergency care given to help a patient who is vomiting

            嘔吐患者急救

            emergency care for a patient during a seizure 癲癇發作急救

            hospice care 臨終護理

            postmortem care 死后護理
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